Angebote zu "Programs" (11 Treffer)

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Normalization and Partial Evaluation of Functio...
19,99 € *
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Normalization and Partial Evaluation of Functional Logic Programs ab 19.99 € als gebundene Ausgabe: Kiel Computer Science Series. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, English, International, Gebundene Ausgaben,

Anbieter: hugendubel
Stand: 27.02.2020
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Normalization and Partial Evaluation of Functio...
19,99 € *
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Normalization and Partial Evaluation of Functional Logic Programs ab 19.99 EURO Kiel Computer Science Series

Anbieter: ebook.de
Stand: 27.02.2020
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Political business cycles in a democracy
19,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: 2,7, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel (Institut für Sozialwissenschaften), course: Governing the crisis: how democracies deal with adverse economic conditions, language: English, abstract: Various economic difficulties and economic crises can be challenges for democratic political systems. In some cases it can lead to social cataclysms and even destruction of political systems. In this connection, different political actors offer different programs in order to solve current socio-economic problems. However, according to the modern economic theory the free market economy develops cyclical, and the period of recession always comes after the recovery. There is the conception of political business cycles, which confirm it. Nevertheless political parties often have to carry out the policies and even take part in elections in conditions of economic crises. In some cases they even have to change their programs or significantly correct them in order to keep their voters. In this way, the problem of this term paper is the following one: what are the implications for political parties if they stand for elections in times of crises and their behavior towards voters is either opportunistic or ideological? In order to give the answer for this question which is actual for the current European sovereign debt crisis it is first of all necessary to define political business cycle and to describe their models, which also include the concepts of the parties' behavior as well as their interaction with voters and issues. Then the role of political business cycles in the economic crises will be explained. The understanding of the nature of political business cycles and the activities of political parties in them reveal the implications which the parties face by elections in times of crises. It can b

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.02.2020
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The Kernel Method of Test Equating
284,00 CHF *
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Kernel Equating (KE) is a powerful, modern and unified approach to test equating. It is based on a flexible family of equipercentile-like equating functions and contains the linear equating function as a special case. Any equipercentile equating method has five steps or parts. They are: 1) pre-smoothing; 2) estimation of the score-probabilities on the target population; 3) continuization; 4) computing and diagnosing the equating function; 5) computing the standard error of equating and related accuracy measures. KE brings these steps together in an organized whole rather than treating them as disparate problems. KE exploits pre-smoothing by fitting log-linear models to score data, and incorporates it into step 5) above. KE provides new tools for diagnosing a given equating function, and for comparing two or more equating functions in order to choose between them. In this book, KE is applied to the four major equating designs and to both Chain Equating and Post-Stratification Equating for the Non-Equivalent groups with Anchor Test Design. This book will be an important reference for several groups: (a) Statisticians and others interested in the theory behind equating methods and the use of model-based statistical methods for data smoothing in applied work; (b) Practitioners who need to equate tests—including those with these responsibilities in testing companies, state testing agencies and school districts; and (c) Instructors in psychometric and measurement programs. The authors assume some familiarity with linear and equipercentile test equating, and with matrix algebra. Alina von Davier is an Associate Research Scientist in the Center for Statistical Theory and Practice, at Educational Testing Service. She has been a research collaborator at the Universities of Trier, Magdeburg, and Kiel, an assistant professor at the Politechnical University of Bucharest and a research scientist at the Institute for Psychology in Bucharest. Paul Holland holds the Frederic M. Lord Chair in Measurement and Statistics at Educational Testing Service. He held faculty positions in the Graduate School of Education, University of California, Berkeley and the Harvard Department of Statistics. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is an elected Member of the International Statistical Institute and a past president of the Psychometric society. He was awarded the (AERA/ACT) E. F. Lindquist Award, in 2000, and was designated a National Associate of the National Academies of Science in 2002. Dorothy Thayer currently is a consultant in the Center of Statistical Theory and Practice, at Educational Testing Service. Her research interests include computational and statistical methodology, empirical Bayes techniques, missing data procedures and exploratory data analysis techniques. From the reviews: 'The book is nicely laid out, is extremely well written, and is an excellent text for a semester course or a short course…The book is highly recommended.' Short Book Reviews of the International Statistical Institute, December 2004 'This book is well-written and the presentation is clear, rigorous, and concise...A rich set of applications is used to illustrate the methods...This book is a gem! I highly recommend it to any statistician or psychometrician who has even a passing interest in test equating.' Pscyhometrika, March 2006 'This is a great book, and it is the first to focus on the kernel method of test equating.' Applied Psychological Measurement, September 2005

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.02.2020
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Integrated Coastal Zone Management
68,90 CHF *
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This book gives a brief but comprehensive overview of Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Using water management as an example, it enables readers to understand different interests and requirements. It is intended as a textbook for students but can also be used by professionals in administration as well as project management and planning. By summarizing hydrological aspects it clarifies the challenges in water management (e. g. coastal protection, drainage and river management). Further, it presents the principles and methods for integration and good, collaborative processes taking into account the interests and requirements at coastal zones. The book focuses on the status quo in Europe, with examples from The Netherlands, Germany and Spain, and offers up-to-date insights into the state of the art in the United States of America or Australia. The author also takes a fresh look at a number of topics, such as historical reflections.   Contents The Coast – Characteristics, Living, Working Historical Annotations and European Developments Basics of Integrated Coastal Zone Management Hydrology of Coastal Regions Sectorial Descriptions Integrated Management Approaches Methodologies of Integration Fictitious Case Studies Audience Students in programs related to coastal issues: civil engineering hydraulics, geosciences, limnology, hydrology, marine biosciences, environmental law, social sciences. Professionals in administration as well as policy and pressure groups. About the Author Dr. Frank Ahlhorn completed doctoral degree at the University of Kiel and is head of Küste und Raum - Ahlhorn & Meyerdirks GbR, a company involved in various aspects of coastal zone management.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.02.2020
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Making it tangible. Learning outcomes in scienc...
52,90 CHF *
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One of the central features in current educational reforms is a focus on learning outcomes. Many countries have established or revised standards to describe what teachers are supposed to teach and students are expected to learn. More recently, the emphasis has shifted to considerations of how standards can be operationalized in order to make the outcomes of educational efforts more tangible. This book is the result of a symposium held in Kiel, that was arranged by two science education groups, one at the IPN (Leibniz-Institute for Science and Mathematics Education at the University of Kiel) in Germany and the other at the University of York, UK. The seminar brought together renowned experts from 12 countries with different notions of the nature and quality of learning outcomes. The aim was to clarify central conceptions and approaches for a better understanding among the international science education community. The book is divided into five parts. In Part A, the organizers set the scene, describing the rationale for arranging the symposium. Part B provides a broad overview about different approaches, challenges, and pitfalls on the road to the clarification of meaningful and fruitful learning outcomes. The set of papers in Part C provides deep insights into different, although comparable approaches which aim to frame, to assess, and to promote learning and learning outcomes in science education. Smaller projects are presented as well as broad, coordinated national programs. The papers in Part D outline the individual historical development from different national perspectives, reflecting the deficits and problems that led to current reforms. Finally, a summary of the organizers analyses the conclusions from different vantage points.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.02.2020
Zum Angebot
Political business cycles in a democracy
13,40 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: 2,7, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel (Institut für Sozialwissenschaften), course: Governing the crisis: how democracies deal with adverse economic conditions, language: English, abstract: Various economic difficulties and economic crises can be challenges for democratic political systems. In some cases it can lead to social cataclysms and even destruction of political systems. In this connection, different political actors offer different programs in order to solve current socio-economic problems. However, according to the modern economic theory the free market economy develops cyclical, and the period of recession always comes after the recovery. There is the conception of political business cycles, which confirm it. Nevertheless political parties often have to carry out the policies and even take part in elections in conditions of economic crises. In some cases they even have to change their programs or significantly correct them in order to keep their voters. In this way, the problem of this term paper is the following one: what are the implications for political parties if they stand for elections in times of crises and their behavior towards voters is either opportunistic or ideological? In order to give the answer for this question which is actual for the current European sovereign debt crisis it is first of all necessary to define political business cycle and to describe their models, which also include the concepts of the parties' behavior as well as their interaction with voters and issues. Then the role of political business cycles in the economic crises will be explained. The understanding of the nature of political business cycles and the activities of political parties in them reveal the implications which the parties face by elections in times of crises. It can b

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 27.02.2020
Zum Angebot
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
49,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

This book gives a brief but comprehensive overview of Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Using water management as an example, it enables readers to understand different interests and requirements. It is intended as a textbook for students but can also be used by professionals in administration as well as project management and planning. By summarizing hydrological aspects it clarifies the challenges in water management (e. g. coastal protection, drainage and river management). Further, it presents the principles and methods for integration and good, collaborative processes taking into account the interests and requirements at coastal zones. The book focuses on the status quo in Europe, with examples from The Netherlands, Germany and Spain, and offers up-to-date insights into the state of the art in the United States of America or Australia. The author also takes a fresh look at a number of topics, such as historical reflections.   Contents The Coast – Characteristics, Living, Working Historical Annotations and European Developments Basics of Integrated Coastal Zone Management Hydrology of Coastal Regions Sectorial Descriptions Integrated Management Approaches Methodologies of Integration Fictitious Case Studies Audience Students in programs related to coastal issues: civil engineering hydraulics, geosciences, limnology, hydrology, marine biosciences, environmental law, social sciences. Professionals in administration as well as policy and pressure groups. About the Author Dr. Frank Ahlhorn completed doctoral degree at the University of Kiel and is head of Küste und Raum - Ahlhorn & Meyerdirks GbR, a company involved in various aspects of coastal zone management.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 27.02.2020
Zum Angebot
The Kernel Method of Test Equating
207,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Kernel Equating (KE) is a powerful, modern and unified approach to test equating. It is based on a flexible family of equipercentile-like equating functions and contains the linear equating function as a special case. Any equipercentile equating method has five steps or parts. They are: 1) pre-smoothing; 2) estimation of the score-probabilities on the target population; 3) continuization; 4) computing and diagnosing the equating function; 5) computing the standard error of equating and related accuracy measures. KE brings these steps together in an organized whole rather than treating them as disparate problems. KE exploits pre-smoothing by fitting log-linear models to score data, and incorporates it into step 5) above. KE provides new tools for diagnosing a given equating function, and for comparing two or more equating functions in order to choose between them. In this book, KE is applied to the four major equating designs and to both Chain Equating and Post-Stratification Equating for the Non-Equivalent groups with Anchor Test Design. This book will be an important reference for several groups: (a) Statisticians and others interested in the theory behind equating methods and the use of model-based statistical methods for data smoothing in applied work; (b) Practitioners who need to equate tests—including those with these responsibilities in testing companies, state testing agencies and school districts; and (c) Instructors in psychometric and measurement programs. The authors assume some familiarity with linear and equipercentile test equating, and with matrix algebra. Alina von Davier is an Associate Research Scientist in the Center for Statistical Theory and Practice, at Educational Testing Service. She has been a research collaborator at the Universities of Trier, Magdeburg, and Kiel, an assistant professor at the Politechnical University of Bucharest and a research scientist at the Institute for Psychology in Bucharest. Paul Holland holds the Frederic M. Lord Chair in Measurement and Statistics at Educational Testing Service. He held faculty positions in the Graduate School of Education, University of California, Berkeley and the Harvard Department of Statistics. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is an elected Member of the International Statistical Institute and a past president of the Psychometric society. He was awarded the (AERA/ACT) E. F. Lindquist Award, in 2000, and was designated a National Associate of the National Academies of Science in 2002. Dorothy Thayer currently is a consultant in the Center of Statistical Theory and Practice, at Educational Testing Service. Her research interests include computational and statistical methodology, empirical Bayes techniques, missing data procedures and exploratory data analysis techniques. From the reviews: 'The book is nicely laid out, is extremely well written, and is an excellent text for a semester course or a short course…The book is highly recommended.' Short Book Reviews of the International Statistical Institute, December 2004 'This book is well-written and the presentation is clear, rigorous, and concise...A rich set of applications is used to illustrate the methods...This book is a gem! I highly recommend it to any statistician or psychometrician who has even a passing interest in test equating.' Pscyhometrika, March 2006 'This is a great book, and it is the first to focus on the kernel method of test equating.' Applied Psychological Measurement, September 2005

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 27.02.2020
Zum Angebot