Technology refers to any set of standardised procedures for transforming raw materials into finished products. Innovation consists of any change in technology which has tangible and lasting effect on human practices, whether or not it provides utilitarian advantages. Prehistoric societies were never static, but the tempo of innovation occasionally increased to the point that we can refer to transformation taking place. Prehistorians must therefore identify factors promoting or hindering innovation. This volume stems from an international workshop, organised by the Collaborative Research Centre 1266 'Scales of Transformation' at Kiel University in November 2017. The meeting challenged its participants to detect and explain technological change in the past and its role in transformation processes, using archaeological and ethnographic case studies. The papers draw mainly on examples from prehistoric Europe, but case-studies from Iran, the Indus Valley, and contemporary central America are also included. The authors adopt several perspectives, including cultural-historical, economic, environmental, demographic, functional, and agent-based approaches. These case studies often rely on interdisciplinary research, whereby field archaeology, archaeometric analysis, experimental archaeology and ethnographic research are used together to observe and explain innovations and changes in the artisan's repertoire. The results demonstrate that interdisciplinary research is becoming essential to understanding transformation phenomena in prehistoric archaeology, superseding typo-chronological description and comparison. This book is a scholarly publication aimed at academic researchers, particularly archaeologists and archaeological scientists working on ceramics, osseous and metal artefacts.
Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Pedagogy - Common Didactics, Educational Objectives, Methods, grade: 1,7, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, course: Teaching Grammar - Approaches, Methods, Examples, language: English, abstract: This term paper deals with the following questions: What is the nature of language or grammar in a bi- or multilingual person's mind, and how do different systems of language knowledge coexist and interact? How is more than one grammatical system acquired, either simultaneously or sequential? In what respect does bi- or multilingual acquisition differ from monolingual acquisition? How is the knowledge of two or more languages used by the same speaker in bilingual interaction? (SLA)In order to get a better understanding of SLA one firstly and inevitably has to answer the question what language acquisition entails and how exactly it relates to the effect of age. Therefore Linguistic theories will be made use of to help drawing lines between acquisition and learning as well as L1 and L2 acquisition. One of the main aims of this paper is to explain Ziegésar's acquisition based approach to teaching grammar and explore its possibilities. Keeping in mind that instructed SLA (or better: assisted?) takes place in a certain environment, the role of the foreign language classroom will be discussed and evaluated.
Inhalt/Contents: *Ekkehard Schröder, Wolfgang Krahl & Hans-Jörg Assion: Migrationspsychologie und islamische Kultur in Europa heute (Editorial) *Wielant Machleidt: Erich Wulff als Ethnopsychiater. Hommage zu seinem 80. Geburtstag ***Beiträge zum Schwerpunkt **Reprintartikel *Kalervo Oberg: Cultural Shock: Adjustment to New Cultural Environments (Reprint 1960) *Tommaso Morone: Nostalgia (Reprint 1994) **Artikel *Inci User: Das Mutterbild in der türkischen Kultur *Richard Nagy: Was ist Unani? Europäische Perspektiven *Sofiane Boudhiba: "Baraka" im Milieu verarmter städtischer Bevölkerungsgruppen in Tunesien *Bernhard Leistle: Der Geruch des djinn - Phänomenologische Überlegungen zur kulturellen Bedeutungsdimension sinnlicher Erfahrung in Marokko **Zur Diskussion *Der Kontext Migration, Sozialmedizin, Public Health und Kultur in Stichworten. Ein Arbeitspapier in Entwicklung *Tagungsberichte zum Schwerpunkt des Heftes *Henrike Hampe: Tagungsbericht Migration und Museum: 16. Tagung der Arbeitsgruppe Sachkulturforschung und Museum in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Volkskunde 2004 *Eckhard Koch & Norbert Hartkamp: Deutsch-Türkische Perspektiven - 10 Jahre Deutsch-Türkische Gesellschaft für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und psychosoziale Gesundheit e.V. (DTGPP), Marburg 12. März 2005 *Martine Verwey: Transkulturelle Psychotherapie mit Familien: Masterclass mit Marie-Rose Moro in Rotterdam 2005 *Katarina Greifeld: Tagungsbericht zum 4. Treffen des Europäischen Netzwerks "Medical Anthropology at Home" in Seili, Finnland, 16.-18. März 2006 *Ildiko Beller-Hann & Hanne Schöning: The Social Dimensions of Understanding Illness and Healing: Islamic Societies from Africa to Central Asia. Report of a Workshop at the Orientwissenschaftliches Zentrum, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Halle/Saale. Germany, 31th March - 1th April 2006 **Berichte/Mitteilungen/Buchbesprechungen/Dokumentationen **Tagungsreportage *Assia Harwazinski: Vom Umgang des Menschen mit dem Menschen. Tagung "Medizin und Gewissen: Im Streit zwishen Markt und Solidarität" in Nürnberg (20.-22. OKtober 2006) Mitteilungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Ethnomedizin e.V. - MAGEM 28/2006 *Ekkehard Schröder: Das Internationale Kolloquium "Wahrsagung und Vorhersage von Erkrankungen" in Ascona im März 2005 *Danuta Penkala-Gawecka: Asian Medicines: The Meaning of Tradition and the Challenges of Globalisation. Poznun, Poland 10th May 2006 *Philipp Martius: Beitr&aumL,ge zur Tagung "Glück" vom 12.-14. Mai 2006 im Schloss Höhenried *19. Fachkonferenz Ethnomedizin in Heidelberg 2006. Ethnologie und Medizin im Dialog: Lebenswelten, Geschichte und die Konstruktion von Anthropologien *Neuer Vorstand der AGEM 2006 **Geburtstage im Jahr 2006 *Angelina Pollak-Eltz: Neopentecostale Kirchen in Lateinamerika. Die IURD in Venezuela. Bericht ***Dokumentationen *Fragen der transkulturell-vergleichenden Psychiatrie in Europa. Dokumente zum 1. Symposion in Deutschland (Kiel vom 5.-8. April 1976) des Weltverbandes für Psychiatrie, Sektion f&uumL,r transkulturelle Psychiatrie *George Devereux: Summary - Culture and Symptomatology, Kiel 1976 (Reprint 1977) **Buchbesprechungen / Book Reviews *Allgemeine Literatur *Zeitschriftenbesprechungen / Review of Journals *Dokumentation zur Zeitschrift Kölner Beiträge zur Ethnopsychologie & Transakulturellen Psychologie 1995-2005) **Resumes des articles curare 29(2006)2+3 **Autorinnen und Autoren des Heftes
Cocker Spaniel & Other Tools for International Understanding handelt von der Vielschichtigkeit der Geschichte und des Charakters des Hundes in der Kunst und dokumentiert die künstlerischen Positionen der Gegenwartskunst. Die hier vorgestellten Werke beleuchten facettenreich und poetisch die Spannbreite der Mensch-Hund-Beziehung - sowie die Rolle und Interpretation des Hundes im »Kunstgeschehen«.Der Titel nennt stellvertretend einen der populärsten Hunde überhaupt: den Cocker Spaniel. Seine Erfolgsgeschichte als Kuscheltier, intimer Freund und Liebling in der Familie macht ihn zu einem ambivalenten Medium von Ersatzkommunikation. Die Rolle des Hundes als Zucht-, Jagd- und Arbeitstier wird in diesem attraktiv gestalteten Buch ebenso humorvoll untersucht wie das Phänomen übermächtiger Hunde, die außer Kontrolle geraten.AusstellungUrsula Blickle Stiftung, Kraichtal-Unteröwisheim: 5. September bis 11. Oktober 2009Kunsthalle zu Kiel: 26. Oktober 2009 bis 10. Januar 2010
This volume contains the proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Kiel, Germany, from 31 March to 6 April, 1971. The Symposium was organized by the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and the Marine Productivity section of the International Biological Programme (IBPIPM) with the assistance of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Association of Biological Oceanography (IABO). The aim of the Symposium was to summarize present knowledge of the biology of the Indian Ocean. Twenty-two presentations by invited speakers reviewed the research work carried out during the International Indian Ocean Expedition (lIOE) 1959 -1965, the first cooperative project coordinated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC). In addition, reports were presented of postexpedition examination of material and of more recent investigations relevant to the aims of the lIOE. In keeping with the aims of "Ecological Studies", the present volume contains much new information and some synthesis, all directed towards obtaining an understanding of the functioning and organization of the ecosystem of the Indian Ocean. The plan of the Symposium was to present the relevant meteorological, physical, chemical and geological background and to follow this with the various aspects of biological oceanography. Because of the uneven stage of development of the different disciplines, the papers included in this volume vary in their analytical level.
This book is an outgrowth of courses in plasma physics which I have taught at Kiel University for many years. During this time I have tried to convince my students that plasmas as different as gas dicharges, fusion plasmas and space plasmas can be described in a uni ed way by simple models. The challenge in teaching plasma physics is its apparent complexity. The wealth of plasma phenomena found in so diverse elds makes it quite different from atomic physics, where atomic structure, spectral lines and chemical binding can all be derived from a single equation-the Schrödinger equation. I positively accept the variety of plasmas and refrain from subdividing plasma physics into the traditional, but arti cially separated elds, of hot, cold and space plasmas. This is why I like to confront my students, and the readers of this book, with examples from so many elds. By this approach, I believe, they will be able to become discoverers who can see the commonality between a falling apple and planetary motion. As an experimentalist, I am convinced that plasma physics can be best understood from a bottom-up approach with many illustrating examples that give the students con dence in their understanding of plasma processes. The theoretical framework of plasma physics can then be introduced in several steps of re nement. In the end, the student (or reader) will see that there is something like the Schrödinger equation, namely the Vlasov-Maxwell model of plasmas, from which nearly all phenomena in collisionless plasmas can be derived.
These three volumes are the results of two conferences on the Christian eucharist and its context in the traditions of sacred and communal meals, the first conference was held at the University of Kiel, the second at the University of Agder's Study Center at Metochi (Lesbos). Scholars from all around the world form an international, interdisciplinary and interdenominational collaboration from various fields including History of Religion, Classics, Old and New Testament, Judaism, Patristics, Archeology, and History of Art. Volume I deals with Old Testament, Early Jewish, and New Testament traditions, volume II with Patristic traditions and Iconography, and volume III approaches Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman traditions, as well as Archeology. Images, illustrations and indexes complete the volume. The broad scope covered by these studies invites readers not only to a clearer interpretation of the origin of the Eucharist and its development in the early church, but also enables them to reach a better understanding of the religious and cultural background of sacred and communal meals in general in ancient societies.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: 2,7, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel (Institut für Sozialwissenschaften), course: Governing the crisis: how democracies deal with adverse economic conditions, language: English, abstract: Various economic difficulties and economic crises can be challenges for democratic political systems. In some cases it can lead to social cataclysms and even destruction of political systems. In this connection, different political actors offer different programs in order to solve current socio-economic problems. However, according to the modern economic theory the free market economy develops cyclical, and the period of recession always comes after the recovery. There is the conception of political business cycles, which confirm it. Nevertheless political parties often have to carry out the policies and even take part in elections in conditions of economic crises. In some cases they even have to change their programs or significantly correct them in order to keep their voters. In this way, the problem of this term paper is the following one: what are the implications for political parties if they stand for elections in times of crises and their behavior towards voters is either opportunistic or ideological? In order to give the answer for this question which is actual for the current European sovereign debt crisis it is first of all necessary to define political business cycle and to describe their models, which also include the concepts of the parties' behavior as well as their interaction with voters and issues. Then the role of political business cycles in the economic crises will be explained. The understanding of the nature of political business cycles and the activities of political parties in them reveal the implications which the parties face by elections in times of crises. It can b
Logical thinking, the analysis of complex relationships, the recognition of und- lying simple structures which are common to a multitude of problems &#8212; these are the skills which are needed to do mathematics, and their development is the main goal of mathematics education. Of course, these skills cannot be learned &#8216;in a vacuum&#8217;. Only a continuous struggle with concrete problems and a striving for deep understanding leads to success. A good measure of abstraction is needed to allow one to concentrate on the essential, without being distracted by appearances and irrelevancies. The present book strives for clarity and transparency. Right from the beg- ning, it requires from the reader a willingness to deal with abstract concepts, as well as a considerable measure of self-initiative. For these e?orts, the reader will be richly rewarded in his or her mathematical thinking abilities, and will possess the foundation needed for a deeper penetration into mathematics and its applications. Thisbookisthe?rstvolumeofathreevolumeintroductiontoanalysis.It- veloped from courses that the authors have taught over the last twenty six years at theUniversitiesofBochum,Kiel,Zurich,BaselandKassel.Sincewehopethatthis book will be used also for self-study and supplementary reading, we have included far more material than can be covered in a three semester sequence. This allows us to provide a wide overview of the subject and to present the many beautiful and important applications of the theory. We also demonstrate that mathematics possesses, not only elegance and inner beauty, but also provides e?cient methods for the solution of concrete problems.