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Implementing reforms during the economic crisis
12,99 € *
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Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: 2,0, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, language: English, abstract: Despite of the fact that the market economy has demonstrated its superiority before the others types of economies it is still not protected from crises. Economic crises are usually connected with the end of business cycles but they can also take place by the negative state of economy or mistakes of governments. In any case crises have negative influence on the electoral support of governments because voters have to accept such negative economic phenomena as unemployment, inflation, bankruptcy of banks and companies. Voters are inclined to blame governments and political actors with such problems. The most popular form of response of governments to economic crises is the implication of appropriate economic reforms. Some reforms can have negative consequences for voters and therefore for the electoral support and restrict some essential options of the welfare state. Nevertheless the examples from the current crisis of the Euro zone as well as the examples from previous crises show that certain states implement reforms and therefore overcome crisis more successful than others. In this way, the problem of this term paper is the following one: why are some countries in the Euro zone are more successful in implementing reforms than others? In order to answer this question first of all the theoretical frames are represented. They include two theories which explain the decision of governments to undertake economic reforms as well as the behavior during the reforms' implementation. The empirical examples of Italy which went through the severe economic crisis before the joining the Euro zone in the 1990s and Ireland which suffered from the financial crisis of 2008 - 2009 as a member state of the Euro zone and then overcame it will show how and why some countries can be successful in implementation of risky reforms in practice.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 04.12.2020
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Sedov
34,00 € *
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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The STS Sedov , formerly the Magdalene Vinnen II (1921 1936) and the Kommodore Johnsen ( 1948), is a 4-masted steel barque that for almost 80 years was the largest traditional sailing ship in operation. Originally built as a German cargo ship, the Sedov is today a sail training vessel, training cadets from the universities of Murmansk, Saint Petersburg and Arkhangelsk. She participates regularly in the big maritime international events as a privileged host and has also been a regular participant in the The Tall Ships' Races. The Sedov, originally named the Magdalene Vinnen II, was launched in Kiel in 1921 at the Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft at Kiel, Germany, for the shipping company F. A. Vinnen & Co. of Bremen, one of the largest German shipping companies at the beginning of the 20th century. The shipping company initially objected to have an engine installed in the ship, but the ship yard (with backing from a Government committee) successfully argued for an engine, making the ship the first sailing ship with auxiliary engine designed to modern principles.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 04.12.2020
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How and why transnational companies internation...
19,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Economic Geography, grade: 1,0, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel (Geographisches Institut), language: English, abstract: The focus of this research paper will be on transnational companies (TNCs), which are not just doing business across borders, but rather have the individual characteristic of direct production and to a large extent also direct business activity in a foreign country. (Gillies: 2012) What strategies TNCs choose in order to pursue their target of directness will be demonstrated in this paper.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.12.2020
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Global Sourcing. Procurement in China
87,90 CHF *
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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, grade: 1,7, Kiel University of Applied Sciences, 89 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The matter of China Sourcing is at present being given little or medium-level priority by many companies. This however is not consistent with the potential which this matter offers with reference to procurement costs and consequently one's own competitive position. In the near future China will advance to become the procurement market par excellence. Today, it already has a large supply base, which in the next few years will lead to China developing into one of the most aggressive competitors in the world. This will lead to an increase in procurement from China. However, it is misplaced to rush into the 'adventure' of procurement in China. Thorough preparation is necessary to be successful in the Chinese market. Procurement in China does not only offer opportunities but it is afflicted by risks and problems. The focus of this book is directed towards 5 important problem areas: a lack of market transparency, difficulty in establishing contacts, underdeveloped logistics infrastructure, a lack of product quality, unusual negotiating strategies. The reader is made sensitive to these problem areas. At the same time, it provides practical advice to overcome these problems and gives purchasers useful information and hints in practical business situations. This guide is aimed at purchasing managers in production companies who have not yet had experience of dealing with or in China and who would like to start.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.12.2020
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Zweck, Bedeutung und Würdigung von Special Purp...
25,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich BWL - Investition und Finanzierung, Note: 1,7, Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel (Lehrstuhl für Rechnungslegung und Wirtschaftsprüfung), Veranstaltung: Seminar zur allgemeinen BWL, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Entstanden aus den in den 1980er Jahren populären und oft für Kursmanipulationen missbrauchten 'Blank Check Companies', stand die Finanzwelt Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) lange Zeit skeptisch gegenüber. Das Finanzinstrument, das in die vom SEC geschaffenen Regelungen zum Anlegerschutz eingebettet wurde, stellt durch seine charakteristischen Merkmale eine interessante Anlagealternative dar, nicht nur für private Investoren. Die rasante Entwicklung auf dem U.S.-Markt seit der Wiederauferstehung des Konzepts im Jahre 2003 zeigt deutlich, dass der Markt nach solchen Alternativen verlangt. Mit der 'Germany1 Acquisition Limited' wurde im Juli 2008 die erste SPAC, unter prominenter deutscher Führung und mit Fokus auf den deutschsprachigen Raum, an der Amsterdamer Börse gelistet. Wahrscheinlich ist es nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis die Notierung erster SPAC an der Deutschen Börse folgt, wenn auch nicht unter hiesiger Rechtsform. Welche Perspektiven die europäischen Finanzmärkte dem noch relativ jungen Konstrukt einräumen und welche Hindernisse sich ihm bei seiner Etablierung in den Weg stellen können, soll nachfolgend untersucht werden.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.12.2020
Zum Angebot
Implementing reforms during the economic crisis
19,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: 2,0, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, language: English, abstract: Despite of the fact that the market economy has demonstrated its superiority before the others types of economies it is still not protected from crises. Economic crises are usually connected with the end of business cycles but they can also take place by the negative state of economy or mistakes of governments. In any case crises have negative influence on the electoral support of governments because voters have to accept such negative economic phenomena as unemployment, inflation, bankruptcy of banks and companies. Voters are inclined to blame governments and political actors with such problems. The most popular form of response of governments to economic crises is the implication of appropriate economic reforms. Some reforms can have negative consequences for voters and therefore for the electoral support and restrict some essential options of the welfare state. Nevertheless the examples from the current crisis of the Euro zone as well as the examples from previous crises show that certain states implement reforms and therefore overcome crisis more successful than others. In this way, the problem of this term paper is the following one: why are some countries in the Euro zone are more successful in implementing reforms than others? In order to answer this question first of all the theoretical frames are represented. They include two theories which explain the decision of governments to undertake economic reforms as well as the behavior during the reforms' implementation. The empirical examples of Italy which went through the severe economic crisis before the joining the Euro zone in the 1990s and Ireland which suffered from the financial crisis of 2008 - 2009 as a member state of the Euro zone and then overcame it will show how and why some countries can be successful in implementation of risky reforms in practice.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.12.2020
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The Kernel Method of Test Equating
284,00 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Kernel Equating (KE) is a powerful, modern and unified approach to test equating. It is based on a flexible family of equipercentile-like equating functions and contains the linear equating function as a special case. Any equipercentile equating method has five steps or parts. They are: 1) pre-smoothing; 2) estimation of the score-probabilities on the target population; 3) continuization; 4) computing and diagnosing the equating function; 5) computing the standard error of equating and related accuracy measures. KE brings these steps together in an organized whole rather than treating them as disparate problems. KE exploits pre-smoothing by fitting log-linear models to score data, and incorporates it into step 5) above. KE provides new tools for diagnosing a given equating function, and for comparing two or more equating functions in order to choose between them. In this book, KE is applied to the four major equating designs and to both Chain Equating and Post-Stratification Equating for the Non-Equivalent groups with Anchor Test Design. This book will be an important reference for several groups: (a) Statisticians and others interested in the theory behind equating methods and the use of model-based statistical methods for data smoothing in applied work; (b) Practitioners who need to equate tests—including those with these responsibilities in testing companies, state testing agencies and school districts; and (c) Instructors in psychometric and measurement programs. The authors assume some familiarity with linear and equipercentile test equating, and with matrix algebra. Alina von Davier is an Associate Research Scientist in the Center for Statistical Theory and Practice, at Educational Testing Service. She has been a research collaborator at the Universities of Trier, Magdeburg, and Kiel, an assistant professor at the Politechnical University of Bucharest and a research scientist at the Institute for Psychology in Bucharest. Paul Holland holds the Frederic M. Lord Chair in Measurement and Statistics at Educational Testing Service. He held faculty positions in the Graduate School of Education, University of California, Berkeley and the Harvard Department of Statistics. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is an elected Member of the International Statistical Institute and a past president of the Psychometric society. He was awarded the (AERA/ACT) E. F. Lindquist Award, in 2000, and was designated a National Associate of the National Academies of Science in 2002. Dorothy Thayer currently is a consultant in the Center of Statistical Theory and Practice, at Educational Testing Service. Her research interests include computational and statistical methodology, empirical Bayes techniques, missing data procedures and exploratory data analysis techniques. From the reviews: 'The book is nicely laid out, is extremely well written, and is an excellent text for a semester course or a short course…The book is highly recommended.' Short Book Reviews of the International Statistical Institute, December 2004 'This book is well-written and the presentation is clear, rigorous, and concise...A rich set of applications is used to illustrate the methods...This book is a gem! I highly recommend it to any statistician or psychometrician who has even a passing interest in test equating.' Pscyhometrika, March 2006 'This is a great book, and it is the first to focus on the kernel method of test equating.' Applied Psychological Measurement, September 2005

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.12.2020
Zum Angebot
Implementing reforms during the economic crisis
15,90 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: 2,0, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, language: English, abstract: Despite of the fact that the market economy has demonstrated its superiority before the others types of economies it is still not protected from crises. Economic crises are usually connected with the end of business cycles but they can also take place by the negative state of economy or mistakes of governments. In any case crises have negative influence on the electoral support of governments because voters have to accept such negative economic phenomena as unemployment, inflation, bankruptcy of banks and companies. Voters are inclined to blame governments and political actors with such problems. The most popular form of response of governments to economic crises is the implication of appropriate economic reforms. Some reforms can have negative consequences for voters and therefore for the electoral support and restrict some essential options of the welfare state. Nevertheless the examples from the current crisis of the Euro zone as well as the examples from previous crises show that certain states implement reforms and therefore overcome crisis more successful than others. In this way, the problem of this term paper is the following one: why are some countries in the Euro zone are more successful in implementing reforms than others? In order to answer this question first of all the theoretical frames are represented. They include two theories which explain the decision of governments to undertake economic reforms as well as the behavior during the reforms' implementation. The empirical examples of Italy which went through the severe economic crisis before the joining the Euro zone in the 1990s and Ireland which suffered from the financial crisis of 2008 - 2009 as a member state of the Euro zone and then overcame it will show how and why some countries can be successful in implementation of risky reforms in practice.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.12.2020
Zum Angebot
Zweck, Bedeutung und Würdigung von Special Purp...
13,40 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich BWL - Investition und Finanzierung, Note: 1,7, Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel (Lehrstuhl für Rechnungslegung und Wirtschaftsprüfung), Veranstaltung: Seminar zur allgemeinen BWL, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Entstanden aus den in den 1980er Jahren populären und oft für Kursmanipulationen missbrauchten 'Blank Check Companies', stand die Finanzwelt Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) lange Zeit skeptisch gegenüber. Das Finanzinstrument, das in die vom SEC geschaffenen Regelungen zum Anlegerschutz eingebettet wurde, stellt durch seine charakteristischen Merkmale eine interessante Anlagealternative dar, nicht nur für private Investoren. Die rasante Entwicklung auf dem U.S.-Markt seit der Wiederauferstehung des Konzepts im Jahre 2003 zeigt deutlich, dass der Markt nach solchen Alternativen verlangt. Mit der 'Germany1 Acquisition Limited' wurde im Juli 2008 die erste SPAC, unter prominenter deutscher Führung und mit Fokus auf den deutschsprachigen Raum, an der Amsterdamer Börse gelistet. Wahrscheinlich ist es nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis die Notierung erster SPAC an der Deutschen Börse folgt, wenn auch nicht unter hiesiger Rechtsform. Welche Perspektiven die europäischen Finanzmärkte dem noch relativ jungen Konstrukt einräumen und welche Hindernisse sich ihm bei seiner Etablierung in den Weg stellen können, soll nachfolgend untersucht werden.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 04.12.2020
Zum Angebot